Most Canadian Internet users feel vulnerable to online threats. And yet many people take risks online, such as opening email from an unknown source or not protecting personal information stored on a computer.
Take the time this October, during Cyber Security Awareness Month, to review your online safety practices. Cyber security matters to everyone, every day. You can do your part to make cyber space safer by taking the following simple steps.
1. Protect your identity
Use different usernames and passwords for different accounts. Make passwords harder to guess by combining letters and numbers, and change them regularly.
2. Turn on your firewall
Firewalls are the first line of defence: they block connections to unknown or phony sites and prevent viruses and hackers from accessing your computer. Your computer operating system has a firewall that can be turned on very easily.
3. Use anti-virus software
Install anti-virus software to prevent viruses from infecting your computer. This software should be updated regularly.
4. Block spyware attacks
Install anti-spyware software to prevent spyware from installing itself on your computer. This software should be updated regularly.
5. Install the latest operating system updates
Make sure that your applications and operating system (Windows, Macintosh, LINUX) are up to date.
6. Back up your files
Protect important files from viruses and physical damage such as flood and fire by regularly backing up your files on an external drive or removable media. Store it in a safe place.
7. Protect your wireless network
Wireless (Wi-Fi) networks are vulnerable to intruders if they are not protected once installed. Do this yourself, or ask an expert for assistance when you purchase a wireless router.
8. Delete emails from unknown senders
Never open emails or attachments from people you don’t know, and never follow any links to Web sites included in these emails. They might infect your computer with a virus or spyware. Delete such emails immediately.
9. Surf the Web safely
Be careful when sharing personal information such as your name, address, telephone number and financial information online. Check that Web sites are secure (such as when making online purchases) and that the privacy settings are turned on (such as when accessing or using social networking sites).
10. Get expert help
Call local police if you discover suspicious content online (such as child exploitation) or if you suspect computer crime, identity theft or a scam. If you need help maintaining or installing software on your computer, call a computer expert or a local supplier.
These tips are provided by Public Safety Canada.
- Cyber Security Information for Canadians – Public Safety Canada
- Privacy & Identity Protection – Canada’s Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA)
- Identity Theft: What it is and what you can do about it – Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada
- Staying Safe Online – Canadian Bankers Association
- Internet 101 Web site – The Royal Canadian Mounted Police and other partners present safety advice for children and parents