Companies turn to cyber insurance after Ashley Madison and other high profile hacks

In the wake of the Ashley Madison hack and other high-profile data breaches, Canadian companies are turning to so-called cyber insurance to protect themselves from the fallout of data leaks.

In July, adultery website Ashley Madison made headlines after hackers broke in to the company’s network and leaked customers’ personal information, including their messages to other members and sensitive financial data.

The ensuing class-action lawsuit – and founder and CEO Noel Biderman’s decision to step down in late August – were the latest in a series of incidents that experts say represent a wake-up call for executives about the real-world consequences of digital vulnerabilities.

Duncan Stewart, director of technology research at Deloitte, said the past year has seen a surge in awareness about cyberattacks, and companies are turning to insurers to prepare for what seems an inevitability in an increasingly interconnected world.

“The number of attacks are rising, the severity is rising, and when they come, they’re more difficult to deal with,” he said.

There is no legal requirement for companies to report a hack in Canada, making the true number difficult to determine, but security company Websense said in August 2014 that 36 per cent of Canadian businesses had observed a breach in their IT security last 12 months.

In a KPMG survey of Canadian property insurance executives, data security even beat out unexpected catastrophic events as the third-biggest risk facing Canadian companies in 2015 after regulatory burdens and low interest rates.

Stewart compared significant breaches like the Ashley Madison hack to automobile collisions that result in a total write-off, yet he said companies also require coverage for the small attacks and fender-benders of cybersecurity that happen far more often.

Insurance against cyberattacks is now just a part of the cost of doing business, he said.

“You wouldn’t have a factory and not have fire insurance, so why would you think about not having cyber insurance?”

Technology analyst Carmi Levy said in an email that insurance providers are stepping in to meet the needs of companies as they find themselves handling more and more data on behalf of their clients and suppliers.

“In the process, they are increasingly liable for what happens when hackers manage to break in and snag some of that data,” he said.

Insurance expert Paul Kovacs, president and CEO of the industry-funded oversight body PACICC, said insurance companies are expanding their offerings to provide more than just compensation and protection from liability in the event of a cyberattack.

“When this happens, you are going to need professional help with communications, with forensic investigation, with restoring your systems and putting the protections back in,” he said.

Kovacs pointed to the example of Sovereign General, part of the Co-Operators Group, which offers coverage for privacy breaches, business interruptions, extortion, and data recovery stemming from a cyberattack, as well as crisis management services.

He said companies and organizations used to dealing in sensitive information, such as hospitals and financial institutions, were among the first to become targets and have developed comprehensive cybersecurity policies.

Yet what used to be a concern just for the obvious targets is now a business risk for almost everyone, he said, and it’s not just customer data that’s at risk.

In July, security company Symantec issued a report detailing the “Butterfly” hacking group that it said is responsible for at least 40 attacks since 2012 meant to steal trade secrets and industrial data in order to sell it to the highest bidder.

Kovacs said industrial espionage is spreading out from the large companies that have long been in the crosshairs as hackers become more sophisticated.

“Now, they’re still going after the big companies but they’re going after the mid-size companies and even some relatively small companies,” he said. “The threat is spreading.”


Hard drive with personal info on 3.4 million B.C. and Yukon students lost

A team of 50 bureaucrats spent much of the summer rummaging through boxes in a secret Victoria warehouse, searching for a hard drive containing records of 3.4 million British Columbia and Yukon students and teachers, some dating back almost 30 years.

Extensive physical and electronic searches came up empty, and on Tuesday the B.C. government officially declared the unencrypted hard drive lost.

Technology, Innovation and Citizens’ Services Minister Amrik Virk said the province’s chief information officer will review the government’s management of personal information.

He said information and privacy commissioner Elizabeth Denham will conduct her own review.

Virk said there is no indication that data from the lost hard drive has been accessed or used, adding he believed the risk to individuals was low because the data does not contain social insurance or driver’s licence numbers or financial or banking information.

But he said he was concerned the hard drive had disappeared.

“This should not have happened. Any time personal information may be at risk, it is a cause for concern,” Virk told a news conference.

“I’m troubled to have learned that government is unable to locate the backup hard drive that contains a variety of reports, data and information.”

He said data from 1986 to 2009 contains names, grades, postal codes and personal education numbers. It also includes potentially sensitive information about children in care, teacher retirements and graduation dates for cancer survivors who participated in a research project.

From the years 1991 to 2009, the hard drive contains more detailed information on 3.16 million people, including each student’s full name, birth date and home address on their Grade 12 transcript.

The government said a second file on 1.8 million students from kindergarten to Grade 12 contained data on special needs status of students, including intellectual difficulties, physical disabilities or chronic health impairments.

Yukon students write B.C. exams and are taught the province’s curriculum. The province and territory have a agreement to store Yukon student data.

The drive also contains a list of children under custody orders and those involved with the Ministry of Children and Family Development, including health and behaviour issues, participation in intellectual disability programs and adoption status.

The Education Ministry discovered the drive was lost while reviewing records to ensure compliance with data-storage standards.

Jim Iker, president of the BC Teachers’ Federation, said the data breach impacts students, parents and teachers.

“This is such a serious breach of security,” he said in Victoria. “The biggest impact here is on our students and those students who are now adults, and some of those adults could be teachers, and there’s all sorts of information about them that shouldn’t fall into the wrong hands.”

Opposition New Democrat education critic Rob Fleming said British Columbians need more answers from the government about how the information disappeared.

“Now we have disturbing details that at an unsecured location, in an unsecured server, three and a half million files are now potentially in the hands of someone who could use it.”

Virk said residents can call Service BC, a government information line, to find out if their information was on the drive.


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